Welcome to the Associated Spring Raymond Knowledge Center. Within this page you will find details on terminology, application details and our How To documents. If you can't find what you are looking for, please contact us:
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The information we collect and how we use it;
Your rights to access or update your personally identifiable information;
Your right to opt-out of receiving communications from us; and
Our pledge to have reasonable security measures in place to protect against the loss, misuse or alteration of information under our control.
INFORMATION COLLECTION AND USE
Barnes Group web sites collect two kinds of information from you: personal information that you choose to supply us and non-personal information such as your IP address. To learn how to opt-out of receiving further information from Barnes Group, see the section marked “CHOICES” below.
1. Personal Information
a. E-mail. If you submit feedback, questions or requests for information about Barnes Group products and services, we may request your name, mailing address, telephone number and e-mail address in order to respond to your inquiries. Barnes Group may collect and store the information you choose to provide us to send you information about Barnes Group from time to time.
b. Surveys and Promotions. From time to time, we may request information from you via surveys or online promotions such as contests and sweepstakes. Participation is completely voluntary; you have a choice whether or not to disclose any information. Information requested may include personal contact information such as your name, shipping address, phone number or e-mail address. This information may be used to contact users with further information about Barnes Group products and services, to notify winners and award prizes, and to monitor or improve use and satisfaction of this site.
c. Financial Information E-mail Notifications. If you would like to receive company financial information alerts from Barnes Group, we ask for your e-mail address so we can send you e-mail notification.
d. Order Reports. If you would like to receive printed annual reports, proxy statements or quarterly reports by postal mail, you may ask for a copy on our web site. We ask for your contact information so we can send you such reports and statements.
2. Non-Personally Identifiable Information
a. Cookies. A cookie is a piece of data placed on your hard drive when you visit our site. Cookies help us track traffic to our site, helping us identify what parts of our site interest visitors most. We do not link cookie information with any personally identifiable information.
b. IP Addresses. An IP Address is a number used by computers on a network to identify your computer so that data can be transmitted to you. We may collect IP Address information in order to administer our web sites and to gather broad demographic information.
3. Information Sharing
Certain Barnes Group web sites may use a third party vendor for order processing. When you visit a Barnes Group online catalog to browse or to purchase Barnes Group goods online, you will leave a web site of Barnes Group and be taken to a web site operated by the third party vendor. This third party vendor will collect your personal information, including name, address and credit card information, solely for the purpose of informing Barnes Group of your order and effectuating the order fulfillment. This third party vendor will not use your information for any purpose other than to facilitate your online relationship with Barnes Group. Barnes Group may also share your personally and non-personally identifiable information with third parties that help manage our web sites and databases, and with our third-party affiliates, partners and sponsors. In addition, we may disclose information about you (i) if we are required to do so by law or legal process, (ii) to law enforcement authorities or other government officials, (iii) to protect and defend the rights or property of Barnes Group and this site; or (iv) when we believe disclosure is necessary or appropriate to prevent physical harm or financial loss or in connection with an investigation of suspected or actual illegal activity.
Barnes Group provides you with the following choices regarding the use of your information:
You may set your browser to: (1) inform you when cookies are being set before a cookie is stored; (2) not accept cookies at all; and (3) erase all cookies from your hard drive. However, if you choose to reject or erase cookies, your ability to navigate this site may be limited.
You may choose to not provide us with any contact information. However, if you do so, we will be unable to process your orders, respond to your inquiries, or enter you into any promotions. Furthermore, your ability to navigate this site may be impaired.
If you would like to opt-out of receiving further information from us and would like us to remove your from our on-line mailing list, please send an e-mail to email@example.com. Please include your name and e-mail address in the body of the e-mail and reference “Remove” on the subject line.
If you would like to change or modify information you have previously provided us, please send an e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org.
Barnes Group Inc.
Attn: Director, Investor Relations
123 Main Street
Bristol, CT 06010
NOTIFICATION OF CHANGES
SPECIAL POLICY WITH REGARD TO INFORMATION FROM CHILDREN UNDER THIRTEEN
Barnes Group is not targeted to children under the age of 13, and we do not knowingly collect personally identifiable information from any child under the age of 13 without parental consent. When we do receive such information, we delete it as soon as we discover it and we do not use it or share it with third parties.
We make every effort to have reasonable security procedures in place to protect the loss, misuse or alteration of information under our control. Additionally, our third party vendor uses Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) technology to collect and transmit your information to use. If you have any questions about the security of our web sites, please contact email@example.com
Last updated 7/29/2008
Small quantities are considered prototype quantities and cannot be returned since the cost of re–inspecting and handling them is generally higher than the value of the parts. Larger quantities may not be returnable depending on the ability to re–sell these parts within a reasonable time period. Special runs are not returnable.
All returns must be authorized and an Authorization Number is required. Please contact our Customer Service at firstname.lastname@example.org or by phone at 419–891–9292. Unauthorized returns will be returned at customer’s expense.
All authorized returns must be in their original packaging and labeling to ensure lot control integrity. Parts cannot be altered or used in any fashion. Parts from separate lots cannot be mixed.
A restocking fee will be charged to authorized returns. Additional charges may be required for re–inspection, cleaning and repackaging. Credit for damaged parts will not be issued. All returns will be shipped to the authorized return center pre–paid by sender. Actual credit issued will be for the quantity of acceptable parts at the original piece price, less the restocking charge, less the original freight and any other charges that are necessary to return the parts to a saleable condition.
Sales Tax will be charged on the full amount of each order, but not on the shipping and handling charges. All orders with billing addresses in the following states are subject to Sales Taxes:
- New Jersey
- New Mexico
Shipping and Handling Policy
You can choose to have your order shipped via UPS Next Day Air©, UPS 2nd Day Air© or UPS Ground©. Shipping charges are prepaid and added to invoices by default. After receipt of your order, all ground and air orders entered before the shipping deadline will generally be shipped the same day. If received after the shipping deadline, your order will generally be shipped the following business day.
Because Associated Spring RAYMOND ships FOB origination within the United States, the risk of loss transfers to you when we deliver the goods to the carrier. Insurance is available at your expense to insure against loss or unusual damage (not currently available for online orders). It is not automatically included in the shipping charges.
The exact amount of the shipping and handling charges will show during the checkout process and on your order confirmation.
Terms of Sale
With respect to goods purchased by Buyer from Seller (“Goods”), no contract exists until Buyer places order for delivery and such order is accepted by Seller's acknowledging receipt of the order, by Seller's commencement of work on the Goods ordered, or by Seller's shipment of the Goods, whichever occurs first. Any acceptance will be limited to the express terms contained on the face hereof. Additional or different terms in Buyer's form or any attempt by Buyer to vary in any degree any of the terms of this quotation shall be deemed material and are objected to and rejected, but this shall not prevent the formation of a contract between Buyer and Seller unless such variances are in the terms of the description, quantity, price or delivery schedule of the goods, and the order shall be deemed accepted by Seller without said additional or different terms.
All agreements are contingent upon strikes, accidents and other reasons for delay beyond Seller's control.
Where a separate charge is made for specially designed tools and dies, Seller will maintain such tools and dies without further cost to Buyer for the life of such tool or die so long as the part remains active and the design is not changed and Seller will not use such tools and dies for others without Buyer's permission, but Buyer acquires no right to remove any such tools or dies from Seller's factory.
Seller warrants to Buyer that the Goods purchased by Buyer from Seller shall be free from defects in material and workmanship. This warranty is the only warranty applicable to the Goods. THERE ARE NO OTHER WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED TO THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE WHICH ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED.
All Goods shall be inspected by Buyer when received and Seller shall not be liable for any defect unless notified in writing within 60 days after delivery.
Seller's liability for breach of warranty shall be limited solely and exclusively to repairing or replacing, at Seller's option, the defective Goods. In no event shall the liability of Seller for breach of any contractual provision relating to the Goods exceed the purchase price of the Goods quoted herein. In no event shall Seller be liable for any special, incidental or consequential damages arising out of Buyer's use or sale of the Goods or Seller's breach of any contractual provisions relating to the Goods, including but not limited to any loss of profits or production by Buyer. Any action resulting from any breach by Seller must be commenced within one year after the cause of action accrued.
Except to the extent caused by Seller's breach of warranty, Buyer shall indemnify and hold harmless Seller, its employees, officers and directors, and their respective successors and assigns, (collectively, “Indemnities”) from and against any and all liability, damages, claims, causes of action, losses, costs and expenses (including attorneys' fees) of any kind (collectively, “Damages”) arising out of injuries to any person (including death) or damage to any property caused by or related to the Goods or any negligent act or omission of Buyer, its employees or agents. Buyer shall indemnify and hold harmless each of the Indemnities from and against any and all Damages, royalties and license fees arising from or for infringement of any patent by reason of any sale or use of the Goods or the manufacture of the Goods to Buyer's specifications or sample. Upon the tendering of any of the foregoing suits or claims to Buyer, Buyer shall defend the same at Buyer's expense. The foregoing obligations of Buyer shall apply whether Seller or Buyer defends such suits or claim.
Seller reserves the right to over and under ship by not more than 10% of specified quantity.
Small quantities are considered prototype quantities and cannot be returned since the cost of re-inspecting and handling them is generally higher than the value of the parts. Larger quantities may not be returnable depending on the ability to re-sell these parts within a reasonable time period. Special runs are not returnable. All returns must be authorized and an Authorization Number is required. Please contact our Customer Service at email@example.com or by phone at 419-891-9292. Unauthorized returns will be returned at customer's expense. All authorized returns must be in their original packaging and labeling to insure lot control integrity. Parts cannot be altered or used in any fashion. Parts from separate lots cannot be mixed. A restocking fee will be charged to authorized returns. Additional charges may be required for re-inspection, cleaning and repackaging. Credit for damaged parts will not be issued. All returns will be shipped to the authorized return center pre-paid by sender. Actual credit issued will be for the quantity of acceptable parts at the original piece price, less the restocking charge, less the original freight and any other charges that are necessary to return the parts to a saleable condition.
Your credit or debit card will not be charged until your item(s) is shipped, at which time we will email you tracking information.
Before your item(s) is shipped, your debit or credit card statement may show what looks like a deduction from your account. Please note, these funds have not been deducted but are being reserved within your account to ensure your order can be processed. This is known as an "authorization hold" and typically lasts from 3-7 days, depending upon the policy of your bank.
Supplier Terms and Conditions
1. ACCEPTANCE. As used herein, “Associated Spring Raymond” refers to the Associated Spring Raymond strategic business unit of Barnes Group Inc. (“Barnes Group Inc.”) Each purchase order (“Order”) of the Associated Spring Raymond shall be deemed accepted and seller shall be bound by the terms thereof including these Standard Terms and Conditions of Purchase (1) upon seller’s written acknowledgement, including, without limitation, by facsimile or electronic mail, (2) upon commencement of work by seller producing or procuring the goods subject to the Order, (3) upon the promise to ship the goods in accordance with the terms of the Order or (4) shipment of such goods in accordance with such terms; provided that in any event that in the absence of any written notice to the contrary within two (2) business days of delivery of the Order to seller, seller shall be deemed to have accepted the Order. Any acceptance of an Order is limited to acceptance of the express terms contained in the Order and these Standard Terms and Conditions of Purchase. Any proposal for additional or different terms or any attempt by seller to vary in any degree any such terms in seller’s acceptance is hereby objected to and rejected, but such proposals shall not operate as a rejection of the Order unless such variances are in the terms of the description, quantity, price or delivery schedule of the goods, but shall be deemed a material alteration thereof, and the Order shall be deemed accepted by seller without such additional or different terms. Seller acknowledges and agrees that: ACCEPTANCE OF ANY ORDER IS EXPRESSLY LIMITED TO THE TERMS OF THE ORDER AND THESE STANDARD TERMS AND CONDITIONS OF PURCHASE.
If an Order shall be deemed an acceptance of a prior offer by seller, such acceptance is expressly conditioned on seller’s acceptance of any different or additional terms contained in such Order and these Standard Terms and Conditions of Purchase and an acknowledgement that the Order and these Standard Terms and Conditions of Purchase constitute the entire agreement between the parties with respect to the goods or services on the Order. The parties acknowledge and agree that these Standard Terms and Conditions of Purchase are automatically and specifically incorporated in, supplement and become a part of each Order without the need for any reference to these Standard Terms and Conditions of Purchase in such Order.
2. DELIVERY / RISK OF LOSS / FORCE MAJEURE / CHANGES. The terms of delivery are stated on the face of the Order. The obligation of seller to meet the delivery dates, specifications, and quantities set forth on an Order or otherwise specified in writing by Associated Spring Raymond is of the essence. Associated Spring Raymond may reject or return at seller’s expense any delivery of goods or portions thereof (i) received by Associated Spring Raymond before or after the delivery date specified in the Order or otherwise in writing by Associated Spring Raymond or (ii) which is less than or in excess of the quantity specified in the Order or (iii) which does not meet the specifications in the Order. The acceptance of an early, late or other non-conforming Order shall not be deemed a waiver by Associated Spring Raymond of its rights to cancel the applicable Order, or to refuse to accept further deliveries. With respect to any accepted Order, Associated Spring Raymond shall have the right, from time to time, to make changes as to packaging, testing, destinations, specifications, designs, and delivery schedules. Seller shall immediately notify Associated Spring Raymond of any increases or decreases in costs caused by such changes and an equitable adjustment in prices or other terms shall be agreed to in a written amendment to the Order. If seller’s deliveries fail to meet schedule, Associated Spring Raymond, without limiting its other rights or remedies, may either direct expedited routing or charge excess cost incurred thereby to seller or cancel all or part of the Order.
Associated Spring Raymond may delay delivery or acceptance occasioned by causes beyond its control. Seller shall hold such goods at the direction of Associated Spring Raymond and shall deliver them when the cause affecting the delay has been removed. Associated Spring Raymond shall be responsible only for seller’s direct additional costs in holding the goods or delaying performance of the agreement at Associated Spring Raymond’s request. Causes beyond Associated Spring Raymond’s control include but are not limited to, governmental action or failure of the government to act where such action is required, acts of terrorism or war, strike or other labor unrest, fire, or severe weather.
Shipments sent C.O.D. without Associated Spring Raymond’s written consent will not be accepted and will be returned at seller’s risk and expense. Except as otherwise provided in the Order, (a) seller shall be responsible and bear all risks for loss and damage to the goods subject to such Order until such goods are delivered at Associated Spring Raymond’s facilities, regardless of F.O.B. or F.A.S. point or other designated points of delivery, inspection, or acceptance; and (b) seller shall also bear such risk of loss after any rejection of goods.
3. PRICE. Seller warrants that the prices for the goods sold to Associated Spring Raymond pursuant to any Order are not less favorable than those currently extended to any other customer of seller for the same or similar goods in similar quantities. In the event seller reduces its price for such goods during the term of an Order, seller agrees to invoice Associated Spring Raymond at the lower price. The prices set forth in an Order are not subject to increase and include all taxes and charges.
4. QUANTITY. Associated Spring Raymond shall not be obligated to accept excess shipment or under-shipment. Such shipments or portions thereof may be accepted or returned at seller’s expense. Associated Spring Raymond’s count will be conclusive on all shipments. Associated Spring Raymond reserves the right to increase or decrease the quantities to be shipped on various dates pursuant to any Order, so long as the total quantity does not exceed the quantity designated on such Order.
5. PACKING. All goods on the Order shall be packed in suitable containers for protection during shipment and storage. All packaging and containers and, in each case, the labels thereon, shall comply with applicable state and federal laws and regulations, including without limitation environmental laws and regulations. No charge shall be made for cartons, wrapping, packing, boxing, crating, delivery, drayage, or other costs, unless authority for such charge is expressly set forth in the Order. All shipments shall be made using Associated Spring Raymond approved carriers. If delivery is to be made by common carrier, bills of lading must be sent in duplicate with correct weight and through rates specified. Associated Spring Raymond’s Order Number as shown on the Order must be on the packing slip. Associated Spring Raymond’s Part Number must be on the packing slip, master carton, and, if applicable, the unit label. Material/Product/Traceability Lot Number and Country of Origin must be on the packing slip, master carton, and, if applicable, the unit label.
6. WARRANTIES. With respect to all goods purchased by Associated Spring Raymond pursuant to any Order, seller warrants (a) that such goods are new, safe, merchantable, of good quality, and free from defects in design, material and workmanship; (b) that seller has good title to such goods and will convey such good title to Barnes Group Inc.; (c) that the goods strictly conform to specifications, drawings, samples or other descriptions furnished by Associated Spring Raymond and all applicable state and federal laws and regulations or rules or orders, applicable to the manufacture, transportation, licensing approval or certification thereof; (d) that if seller knows or has reason to know of the particular purpose for which Associated Spring Raymond intends to use the goods, seller warrants that the goods will be fit for such particular purpose; and (e) that all goods or services will conform to any statements made on the containers or labels or advertisements for such goods and that such goods will be contained, packaged, marked and labeled, in each case, as required by the Order, these Standard Terms and Conditions or Purchase, and applicable state and federal laws and regulations, including without limitation environmental laws and regulations.
If any such goods shall be defective or otherwise not in conformity with the specification set forth in the Order or otherwise in a writing from Associated Spring Raymond, seller shall, at Associated Spring Raymond’s option and in addition to all other remedies of Associated Spring Raymond, either credit Associated Spring Raymond for any such defect or nonconformity or, at seller’s expense, replace, repair, or correct any such goods. Associated Spring Raymond reserves the right to determine whether a product recall is required to remove all non-conforming products from Associated Spring Raymond and customer locations and replace with product that conforms to requirements. The seller agrees to bear all costs incurred for a product recall. These warranties shall run to Barnes Group Inc., its successors, assignees, customers and users of its products and shall be cumulative and in addition to all other warranties, express, implied or statutory. All warranties shall survive inspection, test, acceptance, payment and use of the goods.
7. TITLE TO PROPERTY. Title to and the right to immediate possession of any property, including, without limitation, patterns, tools, dies, equipment or material furnished to seller or paid for by Associated Spring Raymond shall remain with Barnes Group Inc. Seller shall, at its own expense, maintain such property in good condition and shall be responsible for all loss and damage thereto while in its possession and shall use the same only for the production of goods for Associated Spring Raymond. Seller shall maintain insurance on such property covering all risks in amounts equal to the replacement cost and shall name Barnes Group Inc. as an additional insured with respect to such property, which insurance shall provide for the full repair or replacement cost, at Associated Spring Raymond’s option, of any such property that is lost or damaged.
8. PRODUCT INDEMNIFICATION. Seller shall indemnify and hold harmless Barnes Group Inc., its successors, assignees, affiliates, customers, users, employees and agents against any and all liability, costs, expenses (including court costs and attorneys’ fees), damages, claims, and causes of action caused by any goods sold pursuant to an Order, by any breach of seller’s warranties with respect to such goods or the packaging, containers or labels thereof, by any negligent act or omission of seller, or arising by the performance of any work or other activity by seller, its subcontractors or agents on Barnes Group Inc. premises. The foregoing indemnification shall apply whether seller or Barnes Group Inc. defends such suit or claim.
9. PATENT INDEMNIFICATION. Seller agrees upon receipt of notification from Barnes Group Inc. to promptly assume full responsibility for the defense of any suit or proceeding which may be brought against Barnes Group Inc. or its customers for alleged patent, trademark or copyright infringement, as well as for the alleged unfair competition resulting from similarity in design, trademark, or appearance of goods by reason of the use or sale of any goods sold pursuant to any Order, except for goods manufactured entirely to Associated Spring Raymond ’s specifications. Seller further agrees to indemnify Barnes Group Inc., its successors, assignees, affiliates, customers, users, employees and agents against any and all expenses, losses, royalties, profits, and damages (including court costs and attorneys’ fees) resulting from the bringing of such suit or proceedings, including any settlement or decree of judgment entered therein. Barnes Group Inc. may be represented by and actively participate through its own counsel in any such suit or proceeding if it so desires. In case the sale or use of the goods shall be found to constitute patent, copyright, or trademark infringement and their use is enjoined, Barnes Group Inc. may, at its sole option, pursue any remedy or remedies available at law or in equity, including, without limitation, requiring seller to either procure for Barnes Group Inc. the right to continue using or selling such goods, modify them so they become noninfringing, or refund the total purchase price therefore.
10. STATUTORY COMPLIANCE. Seller agrees that it will comply with all applicable provisions of federal, state and local laws, orders, rules and regulations and warrants that all goods sold pursuant to any Order will be produced in compliance with the same. Upon Associated Spring Raymond’s request, seller will provide written certifications of compliance with such provisions. The seller hereby undertakes and agrees with Associated Spring Raymond that seller will at all times during the term of any Order not make any payment or gift to governmental officials or governmental employees in violation of any applicable governmental laws, ordinances, rules and regulations (including the United States Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977, as amended by the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1988 and the International Anti-Bribery and Fair Competition Act of 1998). Supplier agrees to comply with Buyer’s Code of Supplier Conduct located at the Investor Relation’s portion of Buyer’s website currently located at https://ir.barnesgroupinc.com/investor-relations/corporate-governance/highlights/default.aspx
11. INSPECTION / TESTING/ QUALITY. Neither receipt of nor payment for the goods shall constitute acceptance. All goods are subject to inspection and approval. Associated Spring Raymond reserves the right to reject and refuse acceptance of goods that are not in accordance with the instructions, specifications, drawings and data, or with any of seller’s warranties (express or implied). Associated Spring Raymond may charge seller for the cost of inspecting goods rejected; goods not accepted will be returned to seller at seller’s expense. If more than five percent of the goods in any shipment are defective, damaged or nonconforming, then the total shipment may be rejected. Nothing herein shall relieve the seller from its obligation of testing, inspection and quality control. Seller is responsible for the quality, performance, fit, form, function and appearance of all goods and components and sub-components supplied by seller and any of seller’s sub-tier and subcontractor manufacturers and suppliers used by seller. Seller will notify Associated Spring Raymond representatives of any changes to the goods or manufacturing processes relating to the goods that could affect the quality, performance, fit, form, function and appearance of the goods or customer perceived quality or function of the goods. Upon request by Associated Spring Raymond, all quality assurance and manufacturing process history shall be made available for inspection by Associated Spring Raymond or its authorized representatives. With respect to any goods whose defects or nonconformity is not apparent upon inspection, Associated Spring Raymond reserves the right to require replacement of such goods. The remedies set forth herein are not exclusive, and Associated Spring Raymond may hold seller liable for all damages arising from any breach or default.
12. RIGHT OF ACCESS. Associated Spring Raymond and any customers of Associated Spring Raymond have the right to enter Seller’s facilities during normal business hours at reasonable times to inspect goods, facilities, equipment, tooling, and any property of Associated Spring Raymond bailed with seller and, without the necessity of a court order, remove property belonging to Associated Spring Raymond or any customer of Associated Spring Raymond , including, without limitation, bailed property and goods, inventory or seller’s property that has been sold to Associated Spring Raymond . Seller agrees to enter into similar agreements with its sub-tier and subcontractor manufacturers and suppliers used such that such manufacturers and suppliers shall grant the foregoing rights of access to Associated Spring Raymond and any of the customers of Associated Spring Raymond.
13. RECORDS RETENTION. Seller will maintain all records generated as a result of this Order for a minimum of eight (8) years after termination or expiration of such Order, unless a longer period is otherwise specified in such Order or a longer period is required by applicable federal, state or local law or regulation.
14. CHEMICALS. Seller shall ensure that all chemicals sold to Associated Spring Raymond comply with all applicable federal, state and local laws and regulations for sale into the United States and/or Canada, as applicable. This includes, but is not limited to, the Toxic Substance Control Act, and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Chemical Inventory Regulations. All chemicals must be identified, labeled and packaged in accordance with all applicable federal, state and local laws and regulations, including, but not limited to, the Hazardous Materials Transportation Authorization Act of 1994, the U.S. Department of Transportation’s Hazardous Materials Regulations, and the Workplace Hazardous Materials Information Systems of Canada where applicable. Material Safety Data Sheets must be provided for all chemicals in accordance with the U.S. Department of Labor’s Hazard Communication Standard. All chemicals must be identified, labeled and packaged to meet the requirements of the small parcel carrier of choice for Associated Spring Raymond. Any chemical product not meeting these requirements may be refused and returned at seller’s expense.
15. INSURANCE. Seller shall maintain, and require its subcontractors and agents to maintain: (1) General Liability Insurance, including Contractual Liability, Products Liability, and Vendors Liability, coverage of a least $1,000,000 for a single occurrence and $2,000,000 in the aggregate annually naming Barnes Group Inc. and its affiliates and subsidiaries as an additional insured, and (2) worker’s compensation insurance as required by law. Seller will furnish Associated Spring Raymond insurer’s certificates evidencing such insurance, which certificates shall expressly provide that the insuring company will give thirty (30) days prior written notice to Barnes Group Inc. of the cancellation, expiration, reduction or any material changes in coverages of such insurance.
16. CONFIDENTIALITY. Seller shall keep confidential all drawings, specifications or data furnished by Associated Spring Raymond or prepared by seller specifically in connection with the performance of any Order and shall not use or disclose such information for the benefit of any other party. Seller shall deliver all such information and all copies thereof to Associated Spring Raymond upon request.
17. ADVERTISING. Seller shall not, without the prior written consent of Barnes Group Inc., use any trade name or trademarks of Barnes Group Inc., including without limitation Associated Spring Raymond , in any advertising or otherwise, or in any manner publish or announce that Associated Spring Raymond has placed an Order.
18. TERMINATION FOR CONVENIENCE. Associated Spring Raymond may terminate an Order or any part thereof for its sole convenience. Upon such termination, seller shall immediately stop all work and cause any of its suppliers or permitted subcontractors to cease work. Seller shall be paid a reasonable termination charge consisting of a percentage of the order price reflecting the percentage of the work performed prior to the notice of termination, plus actual direct costs resulting from termination, provided it submits proof of such charges within 30 days after notice of termination. Seller shall not be paid for any work done or materials ordered after receipt of the notice of termination, nor for any costs incurred by seller’s suppliers or subcontractors.
19. TERMINATION FOR CAUSE. Associated Spring Raymond may also terminate an Order or any part thereof in the event of any default by seller, including without limitation, late deliveries, deliveries of defective or nonconforming products, or failure to provide Associated Spring Raymond, upon request, with reasonable assurances of future performance. In the event of such termination, Associated Spring Raymond shall not be liable to seller for any amount, and seller shall be liable to Associated Spring Raymond for all incidental and consequential damages sustained by reason of such default.
20. LIMITATION ON ASSOCIATED SPRING RAYMOND’S LIABILITY. In no event shall Associated Spring Raymond be liable for anticipated profits or for incidental or consequential damages of seller. Associated Spring Raymond’s liability in connection with any claim of any kind for any loss or damage arising out of or in connection with or resulting from an Order or these Standard Terms and Conditions of Purchase or from performance or breach thereof shall in no case exceed the cost allocable to the goods, which gives rise to the claim. Any action resulting from any such performance or breach on the part of Associated Spring Raymond must be commenced within one year after the cause of action has accrued.
21. GOVERNING LAW. The contract arising pursuant to an Order shall be governed by the laws of the State of Ohio. By accepting an Order, seller irrevocably: submits to the exclusive jurisdiction of the Ohio state courts or the jurisdiction of the United States District Court for the Northern District of Ohio over any suit, action or proceeding arising in connection with the Order; waives any objection it may have to venue in said courts; and, consents to the personal jurisdiction of said courts.
22. NO ASSIGNMENT / WAIVER. No part of the Order may be assigned or subcontracted without the prior written approval of Associated Spring Raymond. Associated Spring Raymond’s failure to insist on performance of any of the terms and conditions of an Order or exercise any right shall not be deemed a waiver unless in writing and signed by Associated Spring Raymond. A waiver on one occasion shall not thereafter operate as a waiver of any other terms, conditions or rights, whether of the same or similar type. The remedies provided herein shall be cumulative and in addition to any other remedies provided by law or in equity.
23. ENTIRE AGREEMENT. The Order and these Standard Terms and Conditions of Purchase and any documents referred to on the face of the Order constitute the entire agreement between Associated Spring Raymond and seller.
24. SET-OFF. Barnes Group Inc. shall have the right to set-off against any amounts which are due or may become due to seller, any amounts which seller may owe to Barnes Group Inc. under any Order or otherwise.
25. REMEDIES NOT EXCLUSIVE. All rights and remedies granted to Associated Spring Raymond or Barnes Group Inc. in the Order and herein shall be in addition to and not in lieu of any rights and remedies Associated Spring Raymond or Barnes Group Inc. may have, legal or equitable, under the Uniform Commercial Code or other applicable federal, state or local laws.
26. EFFECT OF INVALIDITY. The invalidity in whole or in part of any provision hereof shall not affect the validity of any other provision.
27. INCONSISTENT TERMS. In the event of a conflict of terms, terms in these Standard Terms and Conditions of Purchase shall govern over terms in the Order.
28. EXPORT/IMPORT REGULATORY REQUIREMENTS. Seller is responsible for compliance with applicable export control laws and regulations and for obtaining all export control licenses required by law or requested by Associated Spring Raymond. Seller must, at its own cost, obtain any necessary licenses, permits or consents which allow the importation and transportation into the United States or any other countries (as may be requested by Associated Spring Raymond) of the goods or satisfy itself that such licenses have been obtained and ensure that copies of these licenses are sent in advance of its invoice to Associated Spring Raymond. Seller represents and warrants that the goods shall conform to the statement of Country of Origin (“COO”) and Export Control Classification Number (“ECCN”) provided by the seller in relation to them and the seller shall provide a certificate or declaration of COO and ECCN for each of the goods to Associated Spring Raymond on or prior to delivery. Seller must immediately notify Associated Spring Raymond of any proposed changes that would alter the previously declared COO or ECCN and provide a new certification by the date of delivery of the first Order of the goods impacted by the change or within ninety (90) days after such change, whichever comes first.
29. EXECUTIVE ORDER 11246. Prohibits discrimination by federal contractors and subcontractors on the same basis as Title VII and requires the preparation of Affirmative Action Programs. Barnes Group Inc. pledges to direct its recruiting, hiring, promotion, and personnel practices toward providing equal opportunity to qualified persons without regard to their race, color, creed, religion, national origin, age, sex, physical, or mental handicap, or status as a Vietnam-era veteran.
30. FAR CLAUSES INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE. If Associated Spring Raymond has issued this Contract or Order under a government Prime Contract, the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR) clauses listed below are incorporated herein by reference, with the same force and effect as if they were given in full text, and are applicable to this Contract or Order.
- (a) 52.203-7 ANTI-KICKBACK PROCEDURES (JUL 1995)
- (b) 52.203-12 LIMITATION ON PAYMENTS TO INFLUENCE CERTAIN FEDERAL TRANSACTIONS (SEP 2007)
- (c) 52.203-13 CONTRACTOR CODE OF BUSINESS ETHICS AND CONDUCT (DEC 2008) (Disclosures made under this clause shall be made directly to the Government entities identified in the clause.)
- (d) 52.219-8 UTILIZATION OF SMALL BUSINESS CONCERNS (MAY 2004)
- (e) 52.222-21 PROHIBITION OF SEGREGATED FACILITIES (FEB 1999)
- (f) 52.222-26 EQUAL OPPORTUNITY (APR 2002)
- (g) 52.222-35 EQUAL OPPORTUNITY FOR SPECIAL DISABLED VETERANS, VETERANS OF THE VIETNAM ERA, AND OTHER ELIGIBLE VETERANS (DEC 2001)
- (h) 52.222-36 AFFIRMATIVE ACTION FOR WORKERS WITH DISABILITIES (JUN 1998)
- (i) 52.222-39 NOTIFICATION OF EMPLOYEE RIGHTS CONCERNING PAYMENT OF UNION DUES OR FEES (DEC 2004)
- (j) 52.222-50 COMBATING TRAFFICKING IN PERSONS (FEB 2009)
- (k) 52.225-5 TRADE AGREEMENTS (NOV 2007)
- (l) 52.225-13 RESTRICTIONS ON CERTAIN FOREIGN PURCHASES (FEB 2006)
- (m) 52.243-1 CHANGES-FIXED-PRICE (AUG 1987)
- (n) 52.247-64 PREFERENCE FOR PRIVATELY OWNED U.S. FLAG COMMERCIAL VESSELS (FEB 2006)
- (o) 52.249-2 TERMINATION FOR CONVENIENCE OF THE GOVERNMENT (FIXED-PRICE) (MAY 2004)
- (p) 52.249-8 DEFAULT (FIXED-PRICE SUPPLY AND SERVICE) (APR 1984)
31. DFARS CLAUSES INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE. If Associated Spring Raymond has issued this Contract or Order under a Prime Contract with the Department of Defense, the Department of Defense FAR Supplement (DFARS) clauses listed below are also incorporated herein by reference, with the same force and effect as if they were given in full text, and are applicable to this Contract or Order.
- (a) 252.225-7014 PREFERENCE FOR DOMESTIC SPECIALTY METALS (JUN 2005)
- (b) 252.225-7021 TRADE AGREEMENTS (JUN 2006)
- (c) 252.247.7023 TRANSPORTATION OF SUPPLIES BY SEA (MAY 2002)
- (d) 252.247.7023 NOTIFICATION OF TRANSPORTATION OF SUPPLIES BY SEA (MAR 2000)
32. INCORPORATION OF ADDITIONAL FAR AND DFARS CLAUSES INCLUDED IN PRIME CONTRACT. In addition to those clauses listed above, any FAR and DFARS clauses contained or referenced in Associated Spring Raymond’s Prime Contract that are required by the Prime Contract, statute or regulation to be included in subcontracts or orders placed under the Prime Contract are also incorporated herein by reference, with the same force and effect as if they were given in full text, and are applicable to this Contract or Order.
33. INTERPRETATION OF FAR AND DFARS CLAUSES INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE. For all FAR and DFARS clauses incorporated into this Subcontract or Order:
- (a) Substitute “Associated Spring Raymond strategic business unit of Barnes Group Inc.” for “Government” or “United States” throughout the clause; and
- (b) Substitute “Associated Spring Raymond strategic business unit of Barnes Group Inc. Procurement Representative” for “Contracting Officer,” “Administrative Contracting Officer,” and “ACO” throughout this clause.
If the date or substance of any of the FAR or DFARS clauses listed above is different from the date or substance of the clause incorporated in the Prime Contract, the date or substance of the clause incorporated by said Prime Contract shall apply. If any FAR or DFARS clause specifically listed above conflicts with any FAR or DFARS clauses contained in Associated Spring Raymond ’s Prime Contract, the clause in the Prime Contract shall take precedence.
34. DISPUTES. Until final resolution of any dispute hereunder, SELLER shall diligently proceed with the performance of this Contract as directed by Associated Spring Raymond.
35. CONFLICT MINERALS. If the goods supplied under this purchase order contain tin, tantalum, tungsten, or gold, Seller represents and warrants that it complies with Section 1502 of the Dodd-Frank Act (the “Act”) which requires that the mining of such minerals does not directly or indirectly finance or benefit armed groups that perpetrate human rights abuses in covered countries as defined in the Act. Seller represents that it has a supply chain due diligence program to facilitate compliance with the foregoing and Seller agrees to provide its supply chain due diligence records for the goods to Buyer within a reasonable time upon written request.
Active CoilsRefers to the number of coils within a spring which actively participate in providing spring force. Dead coils and Active coils add up to the total number of coils in a spring.
Axial Space / Axial WidthSpace needed on application to allow for operation of the springs. This dimension does not refer to the length of the coils.
Belleville / Belleville Spring WasherSee Disc Spring
Brass PlateBrass plate is a plating or coating that applies brass to the surface of materials.
BrushedRefers to a finish type where the material has a directional satin finish, it can be thought of as small scratches in a structured implementation.
Closed And Ground EndsSee Squared And Ground
Closed EndsSee Squared Not Ground
CoiledRefers to a manufacturing process where material, typically round, is wound into a coil.
Compression SpringA type of spring that when "compressed" provides a force to return the spring to the resting length.
Coned End with Swivel HookRefers to the ends of extension springs and the loops on the ends. Swivel hooks can rotate independent of the spring body. Coned ends retain the swivel hook to the extension spring.
Conical Compression SpringA type of compression spring where the outer diameter grows over the length of the spring. Such springs have lower solid height's because the springs nest upon compression.
Counter BoreRefers to a hole type which has a flat bottom and accommodates screw types like socket head screws.
Counter SunkRefers to a hole type which has a tapered bottom and accommodates flat head screws.
Curved Spring WasherRefers to a spring type that resembles a flat washer that was formed over a cylinder.
Dead CoilsRefers to the number of coils within a spring which do not actively participate in providing spring force, generally associated with the ends of the spring. Dead coils and Active coils add up to the total number of coils in a spring.
DIN 2093A DIN specification for disc springs; covering size, expected life, etc.
Disc SpringA type of "flat spring" commonly referred to as a "disc spring" or "conical disc spring" that is made from flat material stock and resembles a flat washer that was formed over a cone.
Double Full LoopsRefers to the ends of extension springs and the loops on the ends. Double full loops provide two continuous loops of wire or approximately two complete circles for attachment.
DurometerRefers to a measurement of hardness of material, typically associated with plastics.
Equal LeavesFor a hinge, this refers to having two leaves of equal size.
Extension SpringA type of spring that when "extended" provides a force to return the spring to the resting length.
Finger Spring WasherRefers to a spring type that resembles a flat washer with small bent fingers on the ID & OD.
FlagFor a hinge, flag refers to leaves that are completely offset. Typically flag hinges can rotate 360 degrees if nothing impedes this rotation in the application.
Flat SpringRefers to a series of springs made from flat material stock.
ForgedRefers to a manufacturing process where pieces of material are formed at elevated temperatures via a die or a series of dies into formed (forged) parts.
Free Fit in PocketRefers to the smallest size of a hole (or pocket) into which a spring will slide & operate within.
Free Fit Over RodRefers to the largest size of a mandrel (or shaft, or rod) over which a spring will slide.
Free HeightRefers to the natural or resting height of a spring.
Free LengthRefers to the natural or resting length of a spring.
Full Twist LoopsRefers to the ends of extension springs and the loops on the ends. Full twist loops provide a single full loop or approximately full circle for attachment.
Half LoopRefers to the ends of extension springs and the loops on the ends. Half loops provide a half loop or approximately half circle of material for attachment.
Initial TensionRefers to the amount of force required to gain the initial separation in an extension spring.
ISO 10243An ISO specification for Die Springs; covering size, color, expected life, etc.
JIS B 5012A JIS specification for Die Springs; covering size, color, expected life, etc.
KnuckleFor a hinge, the knuckles refers to the alternating pieces of material that are held together by the pin.
Leaf / LeavesFor a hinge, the leaves refer to the flat portions on either side of the hinge
Left Hand WoundRefers to the helix direction of a spring. When viewing a right hand wound spring from the end, the last coil will stop in a clockwise direction.
Lift OffFor a hinge, lift off refers to a style where the door or panel can be lifted off with the upper half of the hinge if required.
Load at FlatRefers to a specific amount of force a spring will provide when compressed completely flat.
Load at HeightRefers to a specific amount of force a spring will provide when at a specific height.
Load at LengthRefers to a specific amount of force a spring will provide when at a specific length.
Loose PinFor a hinge, a loose pin indicates the pin is not held in place and can be removed if desired.
Mill FinishRefers to the standard finish of the material as it left the mill.
Music WireRefers to a type of steel commonly used to make springs.
Nickel PlateNickel plate is a plating or coating that applies nickel to the surface of materials, typically steels.
OpenRefers to ends of compression springs that are left open or have no special end configruation
Passivation / PassivizedA process of making materials less affected by environmental factors. The outer layer of material is protected from corrosion, and is common for stainless steels.
PinFor a hinge, the pin refers to the small piece of material down the center of the hinge holding the two halves together.
Plain FinishIs the normal finish of material from which the parts are made.
Polished FinishRefers to a finish type where the material has a shiny mirror like surface.
Right Hand WoundRefers to the helix direction of a spring. When viewing a right hand wound spring from the end, the last coil will stop in a counter-clockwise direction.
Satin FinishRefers to a finish type where the material has a dull surface.
ScraggingSee Set Removed
Set RemovedA process of compressing springs after initial manufacturing so that the performance of the spring is stable afterwards. The physical height of the spring is reduced during this process, and loads at any given height will be different before and after.
Shot-Peening / Shot-PeenedA process of inducing surface level stresses in material to improve fatigue life. Small particles are impacted into the surface, like steel balls, to create the surface stresses.
Slip OnFor a hinge, slip on refers to a style of hinge where the two halves "slip together".
Solid HeightRefers to the minimum height allowed based on material in a spring. Solid Height's should not be used for applications, as frequently the solid height represents a deflection well beyond the normal operating range of spring.
Spring RateRefers to property of the spring which is the amount of force per unit deflection of the spring. Spring rates are approximately constant, but the acceptable range of travel for the spring rate to be valid varies by spring type.
Spring SteelRefers to a group of steels that are commonly used to make springs.
Spun on EndFor a hinge, spun on end indicates a pin that has had the ends enlarged (spun) such that the pin is permanently installed.
Squared And GroundRefers to ends of springs that have been "squared & ground", which means the end wire loop was first aligned perpendicular to the length and then ground flat.
Squared Not GroundRefers to the ends of springs that have been "squared", which means the spring end wire loops are perpendicular to the length.
Stainless SteelA material family that has additional Chromium content, relative to Steel, that provides additional corrosion protection. Different grades of stainless steel provide different properties, and must be selected to match the application.
Staked PinFor a hinge, a staked pin indicates the pin is held in place via staking of the knuckles and cannot be removed.
StampedRefers to a manufacturing process where originally flat stock is introduced into a press to make formed (stamped) parts.
StressRefers to the internal forces experienced within the object. Stresses are increased with increased deflection of a spring. Stresses beyond acceptable levels permanently change the free state of the part and/or fracture the part.
StrokeRefers to the nominal amount of displacement (motion) acceptable for a strut, gas spring, drawer slides, etc.
Swaged / SwagingFor a hinge, swaging refers to offsetting the leaf or leaves from the tangent orientation. Swaged hinges have the leaves closer together upon closing than non-swaged hinges.
Take a SetRefers to the process of a spring being compressed beyond normally acceptable stress levels and actually reducing the free length or free height of the spring.
Tight PinFor a hinge, a tight pin indicates the pin is held in place only by a tight fit, or friction, and can be removed still if desired.
TorqueRepresents a rotational force or twist. Is equal to the multiple of the perpendicular linear force and the lever arm length of such force.
Unequal LeavesFor a hinge, this refers to having two leaves of unequal size.
Wire DiameterRefers to the diameter of the wire from which the spring is made.
Zinc PlateZinc plate is a plating or coating that is applied to materials for enhanced corrosion protection. It is typically applied to steels.
Integrated System, "Black Box"
If your OEM application requires something to get it working, either a single part or sub-assembly, and you need assistance designing and validating this, Associated Spring RAYMOND can assist you. Simply let us know as many details as possible about the functional requirements so our engineers can understand the application. The "Black Box" approach means our experienced team does the work, designing, specifying, manufacturing, & validating. If you need a confidentiality agreement we routinely sign bi-lateral agreements to protect sensitive information. Through this process our engineers have assisted OEM engineers develop & bring to market great product advancements as well as completely new products.
Pre-load refers to a state of a spring in a cyclical application. When the spring cycles in the application it goes from its longest length/tallest height to the shortest length/height. The point with the longest length/tallest height in the application will determine the "pre-load". This refers to the loading of the spring at this point. For optimal life the pre-load needs to be matched carefully to the shortest length/height, but in general the spring should not be allowed to return to the free length/height in a cyclical application. This is because the change in stresses between the operating extremes will be significantly increased when using the free state of the spring instead of a "pre-load". Associated Spring RAYMOND engineer's can help minimize stresses to maximize life for your OEM application, simply contact us.
Stacking Disc Springs
Disc Springs are both components and modular systems, as they can be used individually or as a set of parts. Associated Spring RAYMOND offers a wide variety of disc springs, including Belleville Washers, Din 2093 Disc Springs and Clover®Dome Spring Washers. Stacking parts allows for an infinite number of force-deflection curves.
In general, there are two directions to stack parts (although both can be combined). Parts stacked in series are placed in alternating orientations, and offer N x the deflection for the same load as one part, where N is the number of parts in the stack. Parts stacked in parallel are placed in the same orientation, and offer N x the force for the same deflection, where N is the number of parts in the stack.
Shown below are the comparative force/deflection graphs for the alternative methods of stacking:
Among many industries, manufacturers need to package higher performance into smaller spaces. Traditional spring solutions offer lower displacement in relation to size, constraining designs. Associated Spring RAYMOND's stack solutions offer higher displacement and/or non-traditional force to deflection profiles to achieve the desired performance. Our engineers can help to define a complete stack for your OEM application.
Associated Spring RAYMOND offers a variety of flat springs that can be stacked in this manner. Visit the flat spring product section to learn more about these products.
Corrosion is damage to materials, rust on steel is an example of corrosion. The level of corrosion protection required is application specific, and the type of corrosion will also vary. Carbon Steels (Music Wire, Spring Steel, Chrome Vanadium, etc.) without a coating are the least protected. Stainless Steels & Exotic Alloys offer protection from various agents. Coatings offer a means to supplement corrosion protection without changing materials. In some cases changing materials is not possible because of the forces, stresses, or other design parameters required by the application. In this case selecting a coating for parts may be the only option to achieve the desired part life. Coatings may also be more cost effective than substituting material. Associated Spring RAYMOND engineers can help to define the best material & coating for your OEM application, simply contact us. Standard parts can also easily be coated with most coatings.
Stress Levels Cause Spring Failures
Stresses in materials are one source of failure for springs. Reducing stresses is always optimal in designs where possible. Some ways to reduce stress (assuming everything else is held constant in the design) include:
- Use a thicker material or larger wire diameter
- Use a larger spring (larger outer diameter)
- Increase the pre-load of the spring (cyclical)
- Decrease the maximum deflection (cyclical)
- Reduce the amount of deflection in the application (Static)
Additionally the life of a spring can be extended with the same conditions/parameters with the following:
- Changing the material or alloy
- Special Heat Treatment Processes
- Advanced surface finishing processes"
ITAR or International Traffic in Arms Regulations are laws set in place by the United States Government controlling the export as well as import of defense related materials. Associated Spring RAYMOND may require customers to sign end use documentation, depending on product & technology, in order to remain in compliance with United States Laws.
SPM 15 or International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures No 15 refers to standards for treating wood materials utilized for shipping goods between countries. To the best of our knowledge, Associated Spring RAYMOND is in compliance with “ISPM 15”.
Please note that it is our company’s policy to not sign individual compliance requirements. Feel free to transfer the necessary information into your format(s) as your company sees fit.
DFARS Certified Material
DFARs or Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement, is a regulation the DOD or Department of Defense purchases materials in accordance with. As it pertains to material sourcing, specialty metals must be purchased from a US source or authorized source. Unfortunately, at this time, Associated Spring RAYMOND’s global manufacturing presence restricts its ability to commit to DFARS 252.225-7014 Alternate I on standard products.
If, after further review, you determine that your product must conform to DFARS 252.225-7014 Alternate I, please contact us for a special order at 1-800-228-1156. When inquiring, please ensure that your paperwork clearly indicates the DFARS 252.225-7014 Alternate I requirement. Once we receive your inquiry, we will evaluate them on a case-by-case basis and respond as quickly as possible to custom manufacture your product.
Proper Orientation of Gas Struts (Gas Springs)
Gas struts and dampers have seals. In order for the seal life to be as designed the struts must be installed in the proper orientation. For whichever position is most often occurring in the application, the rod end of the strut should be installed lower that the body. This helps keep oil on the seal for lubrication purposes. For example if a hood spends most of the time closed, it is important the rod be lower than the body in the closed position.
Differences between a Gas Strut (Gas Spring) & a Hydraulic Damper
Certain strut types are often confused. Gas struts, sometimes referred to as gas springs or gas shocks, provide a force. Dampers on the other hand only provide a reactionary force to slow motion. For example a damper would prevent a lid from lowering quickly, where as a gas strut could be used to push a lid up.
Installation & Removal of Gas Struts (Gas Springs)
Installing or Removing Gas Struts is typically very simple. Any anti-removal/safety devices, like a safety clip or circlip must be first removed. Then typically the ends simply pull off. For a video demonstration of strut installation & removal from various end fittings see this video: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Tki45RTWZnM
Matching Struts & Accessories
Struts (Gas Struts, Dampers, etc.) often utilize mounting hardware. Typically the ends of struts are threaded, and may or may not be supplied with end fittings mounted on the threads. End fittings can be exchanged with another end fitting with the same thread. M6, M8, & M10 threads (male) are common strut threads. End fittings must have a mating thread, typically female, of the same size. Mounting a strut with end fittings already installed depends on the type of end fitting. End fittings are typically designed to be used with a ball stud (most common) or shoulder bolt. For ball stud end fittings as long as the ball size is the same on the end fitting and the ball stud or bracket the pair is compatible.
Operating Deflection Range
Generally springs have an acceptable deflection range, meaning the spring will work properly if the deflections from the resting length or height are kept less than or equal to the operating range. When deflections exceed the maximum operating deflection the life of the spring will be reduced, sometimes drastically. It is possible to design a different spring with a greater operating deflection range by changing various parameters of the design.
Operating Temperature Range
Generally springs, struts, dampers, and other products have an acceptable operating temperature range. This range is dependent upon the materials used in construction, including any seals. Higher range materials are generally available for special applications requiring such, but typically cost more.
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